Digital Humanities & Literary Cognition Lab
On Sunday December 10, Dr. Natalie Phillips appeared as a call-in expert on Neil deGrasse Tyson's show, StarTalk. The episode featured an interview with acclaimed author Salmon Rushdie and explored the science of storytelling. Can stories be the key to re-establishing truth in a post-factual world? Watch and find out: http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/startalk/videos/salman-rushdie/.
Congratulations to Derrick Dwamena, an intelligent and dedicated DHLC undergraduate researcher, for being selected as a HASTAC Scholar. HASTAC (Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Alliance and Collaboratory) is an interdisciplinary community of humanists, artists, social scientists, scientists, and technologists that are changing the way we teach and learn. Derek's work with the DHLC and in his neuroscience coursework has demonstrated innovation and creativity that will thrive in this diverse academic community. Student Scholars participating in this academic social network share news, tools, research, insights, pedagogy, methods, and projects––including Digital Humanities and other born-digital scholarship––and collaborate on various HASTAC Initiatives. We are excited to support Derek in his new work with the HASTAC community.
A one-day interactive exhibit at the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum will feature student-generated art that bridges painting and literature. This event, titled “Sense of Self,” unites students and faculty from across Michigan State University to reimagine the art museum as an inclusive space. Focusing on art accessibility across the visual ability spectrum, this day-long exhibition incorporates both academic theory and hands-on, creative engagement. Guests are invited to experience the artwork with their eyes and their hands, as each art piece contains tactile elements inspired by excerpts of literature and poetry.
The event is hosted by Exceptions, an MSU-based journal that features interviews and creative works by individuals in the visually impaired community, as well as by the MSU Digital Humanities & Literary Cognition Lab (DHLC).
“We are incredibly excited to be collaborating with the Broad Museum, the RCPD (Resource Center for Persons with Disabilities), and the College of Arts and Letters to share this remarkable student artwork with the local community,” said Craig Pearson, founder and chief consultant of Exceptions.
The project is the result of a university-wide cooperation. Made possible by a grant from the College of Arts and Letters and matched funding from the Broad Museum, Pearson and the dedicated team at the DHLC commissioned literature selections from students enrolled in English courses with Prof. Natalie Phillips. These selections include excerpts from novels, short stories, poems, and even some original works –– all united by the presence of multi-sensory imagery. In honor of Veteran’s Day, a number of the literary works illustrate experiences of war including war poetry and short stories by Wilfred Owen, Brian Turner, and Tim O’Brien, as well as original student poetry and soundscapes inspired by war memoir. These writings have served as inspiration for students enrolled in Prof. Alisa Henriquez’s studio art course. The resulting works display a wide range of interpretations and appeal to visitors both sighted and blind.
The event will include a morning symposium that brings together two national leaders in accessible art, museum outreach, and disability studies, Dr. Georgina Kleege (UC Berkeley) and Lucas Livingston (Art Institute of Chicago), to share critical insights and expertise. The evening exhibition showcases creative work by students in literature and art with remarks from Michael Hudson, the director of MSU’s Resource Center for Persons with Disabilities (RCPD).
“Michigan State University is committed to fully including people with a range of disabilities, and we are excited to see this forward student-driven momentum in accessible art,” said Hudson.
The symposium will be held from 9:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. on Friday, November 10, 2017. The exhibition will be open from 5–8 p.m. with programming beginning at 6:00 p.m. Members of the university, local community and beyond are invited to attend and engage with these dynamic works of art.
The DHLC lab has recently moved from Wells C740 to Wells B412. We are officially settled and excited to continue our research in this new lab space!
Congratulations to Alex Babbitt, a dedicated and innovative DHLC researcher and bourgeoning digital humanities scholar, for being selected as a HASTAC Scholar. HASTAC (Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Alliance and Collaboratory) is an interdisciplinary community of humanists, artists, social scientists, scientists, and technologists that are changing the way we teach and learn. Scholars participating in this academic social network share news, tools, research, insights, pedagogy, methods, and projects––including Digital Humanities and other born-digital scholarship––and collaborate on various HASTAC Initiatives. We are excited to support Alex in his new work with the HASTAC community.
Assistant Professor of English at Michigan State University, Dr. Phillips specializes in 18th-century literature, the history of mind, and cognitive approaches to fiction. Her first book, Distraction: Problems of Attention in Eighteenth-Century Literature, (forthcoming, Johns Hopkins University Press, Spring 2016) traces how changing Enlightenment ideas about the unfocused mind reshaped literary form, arguing that descriptions of distraction in narrative advanced—and often complicated—scientific theories of concentration.
Her research on attention has appeared in collections by Oxford UP, MIT Press, and the Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Additional 18th-century research interests include the history of science, race and gender studies, the history of the book, critical interdisciplinary theory, and cultures of reading. She is also a leading figure in the emerging field of literary neuroscience, pioneering a series of interdisciplinary experiments that use neuroscientific tools, such as fMRI and eye tracking, to explore the cognitive dynamics of literary reading. Phillips is co-founder and director of the Digital Humanities and Literary Cognition Lab at MSU.Current experiments include an fMRI study of literary attention in reading Jane Austen (Stanford, MSU), a neuroscientific study of attention and aesthetic pleasure in poetry reading (NYU, MSU), and a scientific study of music cognition and narrative perception (U. Arkansas, Chinese University of Hong Kong, MSU).
Phillips is delighted to have been supported by a variety of research grants and foundations: most recently the National Science Foundation (2017-20), the ACLS Digital Innovations Fellowship (2015-17), and a Science Studies grant at MSU (2015-16). She was also invited to participate in Beauty and Beyond, a global collaboration grounded at NYU devoted to developing interdisciplinary experiments on the neuroaesthetics of art, music, and literature. Future studies include an eye-tracking study of fiction reading practices on digital media (Wallenberg Foundation), new experiments on poetry, music, and cognitive rhythm (TAP lab, MSU), and a project in-progress on empathy and trauma narratives (MSU, Duke). This work has grown into her second book project, tentatively entitled Literary Neuroscience and the Aesthetics of the Brain, which theorizes a more reciprocal relationship between literature and neuroscience in interdisciplinary experiments and historicizes literary renderings of the brain from the eighteenth century to the present.
Congratulations to Dr. Devin McAuley (PI, MSU Psychology; Faculty Lead of TAP Lab) and Dr. Natalie Phillips (Co-PI, MSU English; Director of DHLC), as well as to our collaborators at the University of Arkansas (Dr. Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis) and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Dr. Patrick Wong) on being the recipients of a major NSF grant! This is one of the first NSF grants to be awarded to a faculty member in the College of Arts and Letters, and we look forward to continuing this innovative and exciting work in narrative studies, music cognition, and cognitive science. For more information about the grant and interdisciplinary project, please visit: NSF Grant–The Role of Narrative in Music Perception.
Congratulations to Sal Antonucci, Kristen Bilyea, Addy Wood, Derrick Dwamena, and Ben Horne on their first-place wins at UURAF 2017. The annual University Undergraduate Research and Arts Forum (UURAF) provides Michigan State undergraduate students with an opportunity to showcase their scholarship and creative activity. Held each spring in the MSU Union, UURAF brings together an intellectual community of highly motivated students to share their work with faculty, peers, and external audiences. UURAF provides a unique educational opportunity for aspiring researchers. MSU undergraduates gain experience in presenting their research, answer questions about their work from audience members and guests, and receive constructive feedback from judges. To learn more about what our DHLC award winners presented, we have provided each team's abstracts below:
Antonucci and Bilyea: "Aesthetic Pleasure in Poetry: A Revised Approach to An Old Inquiry"
Since the advent of poetry, readers have been curious about its mechanics. The earliest readers, beginning with Aristotle, have been focusing on finding what is responsible for the pleasure that is experienced when reading poetry. This project aims to revise the traditional approach taken to this literary inquiry. Instead of offering a theory centered on subjective readings of poems of one’s choosing, this project attempts to offer an explanation for the cause of poetic aesthetic pleasure that is based on both traditional literary analysis and a multitude of readers’ responses. To do so, 30 English undergraduates from Michigan State University were tasked with reading 16 sonnets two times. During the first reading, participants became acquainted with the language of the sonnets; in the second reading, participants were prompted to highlight in green specific words, phrases, lines, or passages that they found aesthetically pleasing. By compiling all participants’ highlights, we surprisingly found that up to 80% of readers agreed upon positive aesthetic 141 judgments. This set of data, with its varying degrees of agreement, shows what poetic moments are more or less aesthetically pleasing to our sample of readers. These responses are most valuable to our investigation as they allow us to objectively identify aesthetically pleasing elements within our sample of sonnets. Ultimately, in forming an explanation for aesthetic pleasure in poetry with this approach, we show a way to practice literary criticism without relying on our possibly subjective readings as has been the tradition.
Wood, Dwamena and Horne: "The Science of Sonnets: An FRMI Investigation into the Neuroscience of Reading"
The field of literary neuroscience is a rapidly expanding field providing valuable insights into the cognitive processes involved in reading. The cognitive processes involved in reading sonnets has historically been an understudied aspect of literary neuroscience. Our study aims to investigate the neural structures involved in reading poetry, specifically sonnets. Sonnets have been a part of western culture since the 13th century, but the research into the cognitive processes involved has been largely untapped. In our study, English undergraduates read 16 sonnets inside a functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanner. Participants read both Elizabethan and Petrarchan sonnets, 8 of each. Participants were asked to highlight during moments that were aesthetically pleasing in green and moments that were aesthetically displeasing in red. Eye tracking was used throughout to more effectively track the participant’s reading. We hypothesized that during moments of aesthetic pleasure, the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) will have heightened activation, while moments of aesthetic displeasure will show decrease activation in the IPS. This research will hopefully help develop a more complete understanding of the cognitive processes involved in various forms of reading that are embedded in western culture.
Visit The Chronicle of Higher Education this week to read Professor Natalie Phillips's redefinition of the age of distraction, "A Crisis of Short Attention Spans, 250 Years Ago." Debunking the narrative of modernity as an era of increasing distractions amid increasing technological developments, Phillips reminds readers that distraction is nothing new: "If we complain today of media, and social-media, oversaturation, writers then worried about industrial, vocal, and literary tumult," she argues. For more of Phillips's research and writing on the history of distraction, see also her recent book from Johns Hopkins University Press: Distraction: Problems of Attention in 18th Century Literature (2016).
Eight students from the DHLC will be presenting three new interdisciplinary projects at NCUR on April 6-8, 2017.
Courtney Bennett (English), Kendall Hughes (English, Secondary Education, Women and Gender Studies minor, TSOL minor), and Karah Smith (English, Psychology, DH minor) will be doing a poster presentation titled "Pop Culture's Influence on the Stories We Hear in Music." Smith will fill in for Emily Vaughan (English, Spanish, Secondary Education) who is unable to attend the conference, but who collaborated with Viktoria Teneqexhi (Neuroscience) to put together a presentation titled "The Stories We Tell About Music." Both projects branch from an ongoing interdisciplinary study that explores the concept of narrative listening, or rather, when and why people have a tendency to think of stories when listening to unfamiliar orchestral music (Phillips & McAuley, MSU; Margulis, U. Arkansas).
The final presentation titled: "Attentional Connectivity Networks and Their Implication in Reading and Memory," will be presented by Lana Grasser (Neuroscience, Dance Minor), Mohan Gupta (Neuroscience, Psychology, Cognitive Science minor), and Michel Kabbash (Human Biology, French minor). This study draws on a previous fMRI study where English Ph.D. candidates at Stanford were asked to read Ch. 2 of Jane Austen's Mansfield Park in a scanner and alternate between two levels of attention. This study was one of the first neuroscientific experiments to use fMRI & fMRI compatible eye-tracking to explore the cognitive domains involved in literary reading.
If you wish to donate to support the DHLC's cutting-edge research in history of mind, literature, neuroscience, music cognition, and/or neuroaesthetics of poetry, or if you wish to provide funding to support student researchers, please follow the below link. Any contribution is greatly appreciated and, if you choose, we would like to honor our donors by displaying their names on our website's Funding and Donations page (coming soon). Thank you for your support!